Tham Pha Thai National Park
Thamphathai National Park covers the areas of Muang District, Jae Hom District, Ngao District of Lampang Province. Even the topography of this National Park consist of mountains, abundant wood forests and mixed deciduous forests, as well as teak plantations dispersing all on the places. The National Park may be the dwelling place for a large numbers of wild creatures. Most of the areas are water sources. Major Attractions include Thamphathai, Lom Phukeaw, Kewlom Reservoir, Tham-okroo, Huay Maepreung. Moreover, you will find many small-sized water falls all over the National Park, in addition to the Young Elephant Training Center, a tourist attraction of the Forest Industry Organization, situated in the approximate area of 1,284.9 square km or 802,436.17 rai.
Even the topography of the National Park include high mountains ssru, mixed forests, teak plantations and recovered areas. Significant mountain-tops include Doi Kewlom (1,202 meters high), followed by Doi Sanklang (1,022 meters high), Doi Phahuad (975 meters high). Most of the areas are timber forests and mixed woods. Doi Luang (1,100 meters high) can be found in the southern part of the National Park. Leading agricultural websites are located in the southern part of this National Park, nonetheless, in the western part of this National Park, the majority of the areas are wood forests. Gullies and streams in the western section of this National Park stream in to Wang River, meanwhile, most of the gullies and flows in the eastern part of this National Park flow in to Ngao River.
It is rather popular in summer (March-May) and the wind blows from the southwest. At the rainy season (May-October), meanwhile, it rains continuously and there are heavy storms and the wind blows from the southwest. In winter (November-February), it’s rather cold in the night as well as the area is generally covered with fogs at the daytime. The cold breeze blows from the northeast.
Flora and Fauna
Since the topography of this National Park consist of high mountains, you will find various kinds of forests within the area of the National Park, including leafy or dense woods and arid, evergreen forests. Important plants involve Malabar ironwood, rubber trees, Lithocarpus cantleyanus (Kor), Indian mahogany, Cinnamon, Gonocaryum lobbianum, etc.. Leafy forests include mixed deciduous forests, timber forests. And major plants located in the woods consist of Leguminosae (Pradoo), Afzelia xylocarpa Roxb (Maka Mong), Xyliaxylocarpa (redwood plants), Lannea coromandelica (Oay Chang), Dalbergia oliveri Gamble (Ching Chan), different types of bamboo, Mitragyna diversi Folia (Toom Gwow), Hymenodictyon excelsum (U-lok), Combretum quadrangulare (Sa-gae), Bermuda grass, etc.. )
Wild animals found at the National Park comprise gaur, wild boars, monkeys, porcupines, moles, masked palm civets, bamboo rats, crazy rabbits, different kinds of birds, reptiles such as earth lizards, chameleons, crazy geckos, different kinds of snakes, and amphibians such as frogs, small green frogs, bullfrogs, toads, along with various sorts of fish.